222m women have unmet need for family planning
June 21st 2012
A new study by the Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, finds that the number of women in developing countries who want to avoid pregnancy but are not using modern contraception declined only slightly between 2008 and 2012, from 226 to 222 million. However, in the 69 poorest countries, where 73% of all women with unmet need for modern contraceptives reside, the number actually increased, from 153 to 162 million women.
The report, Adding It Up: Costs and Benefits of Contraceptive Services – Estimates for 2012, finds that 645 million women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in the developing world are now using modern contraceptive methods, 42 million more than in 2008. However, about half of the increase is due to population growth rather than to a higher rate of contraceptive use. Disturbingly, the increase in the number of modern contraceptive users between 2008 and 2012, roughly 10 million per year, was much lower than the annual increase between 2003 and 2008, which was approximately 20 million per year. The overall proportion using a modern method among married women, who comprise 92% of all modern method users, remained virtually unchanged between 2008 and 2012, at 56-57%. However, there were significant regional variations. Substantial increases occurred in Eastern Africa (from 20% to 27%) and Southeast Asia (from 50% to 56%), while there was little change in Western Africa and Middle Africa, regions where fewer than 10% of married women use modern contraceptives.
‘The desire to have smaller families is increasing in many parts of the world, yet many women are still unable to have the number of children they want when they want them,’ said Dr Sharon Camp, president of the Guttmacher Institute. ‘The gains that would result from providing quality contraceptive services to all women would more than outweigh the cost, but the current investment falls far short of what is needed to make this a reality.’
Read the full article: The Guttmacher Institute
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