Nigeria: President’s call for birth control
June 29th 2012
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan has sparked intense debate by saying Nigerian families should have only the children they can afford. In remarks to the newly created National Population Commission on Wednesday [27 June], the president said it may be time for 'birth control legislation.' Nigeria is Africa's most populous country with about 162 million people. The United Nations says the population could reach 400 million by 2050. That's a growth rate of 2.5 percent annually that economists say is unsustainably high for such a densely populated country plagued by poor infrastructure, poverty and unemployment. The World Bank says a Nigerian woman has, on average, five or six children. It is not unusual for couples to have as many as 10.
President Goodluck Jonathan has called on Nigerians 'to only have the number of children they can manage.' Managing population growth, the president said, is essential to economic planning and the government could adopt policies aimed at curbing rapid population growth and encouraging birth control use. The president, himself a Christian, said the topic of population control is 'sensitive' in Nigeria, where people, he said, are 'extremely religious' and children are seen as 'God's gift to man.' His comments have sparked religious debate.
Muslim leaders say Islam only allows family planning methods to space a woman's pregnancies for health reasons, but not to control the number of children she has. Sheikh Ibrahim Umar Ibrahim Kasuwar, a senior member of the Supreme Council of Sharia in Nigeria, says he was unhappy to hear of the president's speech. He says nowhere in the Bible or the Quran does it say that people can be discouraged from having children. He says this is not the first time Nigerian authorities have talked about such measures but what they forget is that the people they serve are loyal first to God. He says he has three wives and 16 children and plans to have and care for as many more as God gives him.
A local Christian leader in Kaduna state, Reverend Esra'a Kafaiza, said the Bible encourages procreation, but adds that parents have a responsibility as well. 'It is not right to give birth to more children that you can able to control - how are you going to educate them and guide them and lead them to the way of God,' asked Kafaiza. Reverend Kafaiza said population growth is not the problem in Nigeria - it's leaders are. 'The population of Nigeria cannot stop the progress of Nigeria,' said Kafaiza. 'If our leaders can stand on their obligations and apply the wisdom of God and the fear of God, we can make it and succeed also in Nigeria.'
Read the full article: Voice of America
More about population
- Nigeria becomes the sixth most populated country in the world
- Nigeria: 70 percent of births are unregistered says UNICEF
- US: Majority of Catholics support including birth control in health care plans
- Nigeria: 90 percent of women are not using contraception
- Nigeria: Food insecurity as a time bomb