Biodiversity, the diversity of life on Earth, is under threat from our large and growing population. We are now undergoing a sixth mass extinction event, named the ‘Anthropocene’, because it is driven by human activity.

Ever more people means ever less wildlife. Our unsustainable numbers and consumption are directly fuelling the two main causes of species decline, habitat destruction and overexploitation. According to scientists, approximately one million species now face extinction unless we take action.

Learn more about biodiversity and population here.

See our latest news stories and blog posts about biodiversity below.

Population Matters' response to the Dasgupta Review

Briefings and submissions

Response note to The Dasgupta Review – Independent Review on the Economics of Biodiversity Interim Report as commissioned by the UK’s HM Treasury.

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Sumatran rhino
9 June 2020

Human-caused mass extinction still accelerating

A new analysis shows the sixth mass extinction is accelerating, with more than 500 vertebrate species at risk of becoming extinct in less than 20 years – as many as were lost over the entire course of the last century.

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Rainforest
5 June 2020

Easing our impact on biodiversity and nature

On World Environment Day, conservationist and forestry expert Dr Edu Effiom explains why protecting biodiversity requires improving access to sexual and reproductive healthcare alongside more sustainable production and consumption patterns.

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Amazon River
21 May 2020

Population Matters demands action on biodiversity

To mark the International Day for Biological Diversity on May 22nd, Population Matters is writing to governments across the world to demand action on human population. Our message is simple: continued mass extinction is inevitable unless we address human numbers. Our Head of Campaigns and Communications, Alistair Currie, explains more.

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Earth at night
14 May 2020

Empowerment or 'kicking down'? The truth about population concern

Population Matters Director Robin Maynard responds to environmental writer George Monbiot's denigration of population campaigners in a recent Guardian piece.

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Wake up sign
23 April 2020

Report: overpopulation one of ten greatest threats to humanity

A new report by a group of Australian researchers identifies the ten most catastrophic threats to human survival, including overpopulation, climate change, biodiversity loss, and pandemics, and calls for urgent global action.

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5 June 2020

World Environment Day

World Environment Day takes place every year on 5 June. It is the UN's flagship day for promoting worldwide awareness and action for the environment. 

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22 May 2020

International Day for Biological Diversity

The UN proclaimed May 22nd the International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. 

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Deforestation
13 March 2020

Population growth and environmental destruction fuel deadly diseases

Our growing population and resulting overexploitation of nature are facilitating the emergence and spread of infectious diseases like COVID-19.

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