Population Matters has been conducting research and producing briefings and government submissions for more than 20 years. You can use this page to find resources on a wide variety of population and environmental subjects.
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Note: Documents published by Population Matters in the past may not reflect current policies or positions.
Increasing access to, and use of, family planning services both generally and in the context of humanitarian emergencies can very significantly reduce the impact of crises on children.
Our Articles of Association, setting our rules, governance and obligations.
1. Climate change will not prevent continuing increases in crop yields;
2. Ocean acidification will not reduce fisheries;
3. Water will continue to be readily available for farming;
Freshwater is not an unlimited resource, and the world has seen its water consumption levels rise rapidly in the past hundred years.
‘End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture by 2030.’ The world set itself a considerable challenge in the Sustainable Development Goals.
Dominant cultural norms often influence couples in their choice of family size. Depending on the context, this decision can be traced to religious, cultural or socio- economic reasons, such as the need for support in old age.
However, it is proven that a family size of two or fewer children provides many benefits both to the parents and the children.
More and more women are choosing to have smaller families.1 Many are choosing to forego having children entirely. Such choices have been criticised in the past, but attitudes are changing as more people come to see the benefits of having smaller families or living a childfree life.
Teenage pregnancy rates in England and Wales are at their lowest point since records began. This is due, primarily, to government action, which has improved the provision of sex and relationships education (SRE) and increased access to contraception for young people.
An increasing number of people are choosing to have smaller families, while many others decide to forego having children entirely. While the choice to remain childless remains subject to a lot of criticism, the topic of voluntary childlessness is increasingly up for debate.
The average cost of raising a child in the UK has risen dramatically over the last decade. Excluding housing, it now costs, on average, almost a quarter of a million pounds to raise a child from birth to age 21.
Of the latest group of women in England and Wales to have reached the end of their childbearing years, four in five have had children. The majority of these women have two or more children, women are now as likely to be childless as to have three children, and one in every ten women has four or more children.
World population will have more than doubled from 2.5 billion in 1950 to 6.8bn by 2009, in less than a lifetime, and is set to grow by another 2.4bn to reach 9.2bn in
On its website, the RSPB states,
‘We are creating a world rich in nature’.
That is an ambitious
and admirable statement – but, unfortunately, not one that is generally accurate.
Friends of the Earth’s declared mission is to: “Make life better for people by inspiring solutions to environmental problems”.
The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) is one of the leading conservation organisations in England – focused, as its name states, on the protection, sustainable use and enjoyment of England’s countryside in particular.
The animal agriculture sector occupies 30 per cent of the earth’s ice-free surface, provides a means of livelihood to more than 1.3 billion people and contributes 40 per cent of global agricultural gross domestic product.
Larger populations, industrial developments and more wealth have increased energy demand greatly. Currently, the world relies predominantly on fossil fuels that are not only harmful for our environment but are also limited in supply.
Population growth increases both the likelihood and the potential impact of flooding by increasing the pressure on sewer systems and prompting urban expansion into areas at high risk of flooding.