Women across the world continue to suffer from gender inequality, including child- and forced marriage, gender-based violence, sexist policies, as well as barriers to participation in education and employment. Achieving gender equity globally is crucial to meeting development goals, reducing human suffering and solving our biggest environmental problems.
"Population growth is straining the Earth's resources to the breaking point, and educating girls is the single most important factor in stabilizing that. That, plus helping women gain political and economic power and safeguarding their reproductive rights."
– Al Gore, former Vice President of the United States
No country has yet achieved full gender equality and women across the world continue to suffer from discrimination and unequal rights and opportunities.
The situation is worst in countries where harmful patriarchal traditions, including child marriage and female genital mutilation, remain the norm. Globally, one in four girls does not attend secondary school and one in five girls is married before her 18th birthday. Child marriage robs girls of a bright future and brings a high risk of death and injury related to pregnancy and childbirth. In most developing countries, a woman's ability to determine the number and spacing of her children is limited or non-existent.
Even in many high-income countries, women often get paid less than men for the same jobs, face gender-based discrimination and violence, and suffer from mysoginistic attitudes and sexist policies that restrict their autonomy over their own bodies.
Empowering women is the most effective way to reduce fertility rates and achieve a sustainable population size that respects the limits of Earth's carrying capacity. The number of years a woman has spent in education is usually inversely correlated with the number of children she will bear in her lifetime.
Project Drawdown, which compares the effectiveness of different measures to curb climate change, has shown that educating girls and securing women's voluntary right to high-quality family planning together could reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide by 85 gigatonnes, making this one of the most powerful solutions to climate change.
"Honoring the dignity of women and children through family planning is not about governments forcing the birth rate down (or up, through natalist policies). Nor is it about those in rich countries, where emissions are highest, telling people elsewhere to stop having children. When family planning focuses on healthcare provision and meeting women’s expressed needs, empowerment, equality, and well-being are the result; the benefits to the planet are side effects."
- Project Drawdown
Achieving gender equality will make the world a healthier, happier place and is crucial to making lasting environmental progress.
Population Matters is calling for women’s empowerment globally, including:
Poor reproductive health is a leading cause of illness and death for women in developing countries. According to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), some 830 women still die every day from pregnancy or childbirth complications, and these remain the primary cause of death for 15-19 year-old girls globally. Within relationships, women often have very little control over which contraception methods they use (if any), and are often powerless in protecting themselves against sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. While family planning services and attitudes towards them are improving, they remain inadequate. Even in developed nations, unintended pregnancies remain common while sex education and family planning are under threat from regressive policies and funding restrictions.
UNFPA estimates that more than 200 million women in developing countries have an unmet need for modern contraception, meaning they do not wish to become pregnant but are not using safe and effective contraceptive methods. In fact, this number is still increasing due to family planning services not keeping pace with rapid population growth in the most vulnerable areas.
Even where contraception is readily available, uptake and use are limited by lack of information and cultural acceptance, resistance from male partners and affordability. As well as facilitating universal access to modern contraception, quality health care and good information, we must overcome harmful socio-cultural barriers to responsible family planning.
Wendo Aszed, Founder of our Empower to Plan programme partner Dandelion Africa, explains how she came to fight for women's sexual and reproductive health in rural Kenya, the challenge of rapid population growth, and how access to modern family planning has changed lives for the better.
Population Matters' Empower to Plan initiative supports select grassroots organisations around the world in delivering vital family planning services to women in need.
Empower to Plan
You can find all the latest updates on this topic at the link below.
Sign up to our newsletter to keep up to date with our work.